The world of cars, a large sea full of secrets and information, and due to its extreme importance, many motorists try to learn the principles of their maintenance, so that they can act quickly in the event of any emergency breakdowns while driving, so through this report, we will take a quick look at the most important principles and basics of maintenance Cars for beginners, car maintenance is divided into several groups
First: the oiling group: this group is divided into each of the engine oil, oil pump, filter and cartridge (oil pan)
Oil: Automotive experts advise using the oil recommended by the car manufacturer, because it contains features that make it the best to increase the life of the car engine, and among the most important properties that must be available in the finest engine oils, the following:
1- Availability of the highest degree of viscosity even at high temperatures?
2- Availability of a high degree of evaporation.
3- It has a low freezing point.
4- It must not interact with the parts it touches.
5- It should not contain any carbon deposits.
The special oil basin is called (the cartier)
It is the tank for oil, and it is installed at the bottom of the engine.
Oil pump (pump): The oil usually passes from its sump to a filter to trap impurities and then passes into the pump to push it to the oil filter.
Oil filter (filter): The task of this part is summarized in seizing the fine impurities that passed from the refinery to the oil lanes, and it is worth noting that this part, with the length of use, is exposed to clogging, so car experts advise that it should be replaced every 10,000 km.
Cooling group: It consists of radiators - hoses - water pump - fan - belt and the belt must be tight:
The radiator or what is called (the radiator): This part consists of two water basins (upper and lower) and between them a group of vertical pipes extends and around it a group of small feathers, which were added to increase the area exposed to the air in order to facilitate the transfer of high heat to the outside of the car, and its function begins when The passage of hot water from the upper basin to the lower one, and this water is exposed to a stream of air, and a heat exchange takes place in which the air absorbs a quantity of the heat of the hot water.
Water pump or pump: This part works to draw cold water from the bottom of the coolant and then push it back into the cylinder block.
The thermal valve (thermostat) and the task of this valve is to control the course of water in the carís cooling cycle according to its temperature.
1 - It is advised to be careful when lifting the cover of the car coolant to check the amount of water in it, as the temperature is very high, especially after the engine has been running for a long time, so in such cases it is necessary to move the cover first - without lifting it - until it is disposed of The pressure inside the coolant and then the cap raises.
2- The engine must be started first and then water is added, to prevent the added and relatively cold water from descending to the bottom of the coolant.
3- The water used for cooling must be completely clean and free from any salts that cause clogging of the tubes of the cooling group.
4- The water for the cooling cycle must be changed once every six months at most, with the addition of anti-rust solutions.
Gasoline group: This group consists of a gasoline belt - a pump - filter - carburetor - carburetor filter
1- Gasoline tank: This part is located at the end of the car relatively far from the engine, so as not to expose the engine to fire when any error occurs - God forbid, and it is made of steel, and has an average capacity of 40 liters.
2 - The gasoline pump: or what is called the pump, which works to draw gasoline from the tank and push it back to the feeder.